The evidence and symptoms of gingivitis, periodontitis and periodontal disease are typically diagnosed by Dr. Bakhtyari or one of our hygienists during your regular dental exams at Premier Dental Care. A check for periodontal disease should always be an important part of your regular dental visits, as advanced periodontal disease can lead to separation of the gums from the teeth, followed by loosening and potential loss of teeth.
At Premier Dental Care, we utilize a periodontal probe to gently measure the depth of the pockets or gaps around and between each tooth and the surrounding gums. The periodontal probe is a small dental instrument that causes no discomfort to the patient. The depth of these spaces are important to the diagnosis of periodontal disease because as the disease progresses, the pockets become deeper and filled with toxins that attack the teeth, bone structures, and surrounding tissue.
The first stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis. Left untreated, gingivitis may advance to periodontitis, where plaque and toxins spread below the gum line. Worst-case periodontitis is evidenced by separation of the gums from the teeth, followed by loosening and potential loss of teeth.
Note: Some of the typical signs of gingivitis, periodontitis and periodontal disease include red, swollen, bleeding gums; spaces or growing gaps between teeth; bad breath; tenderness and discomfort around the teeth and gums; loose teeth. To ward off the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease, Dr. Bakhtyari recommends good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits. If you have concerns, please speak to Dr. Bakhtyari or one of our hygienists about treatment during your next consultation.