The term “periodontics” refers to an area of dental specialty that concerns the function, health, and aesthetics of the jawbone and connective tissues. Periodontics also serves to identify, diagnose, and prevent the onset and spread of periodontal disease in the gums and bones of the jaw. The evidence and symptoms of periodontitis and periodontal disease typically begin with gingivitis – a common and ultimately painless condition that leads to increased bacteria growth and inflammation of the gums and connective tissues.
Dr. Bakhtyari, Dr. Prokopets or one of our hygienists will perform a check for signs of periodontal disease during your regular dental exams at Premier Dental Care. This check for periodontal disease should always be an important part of your every dental visit, as advanced periodontal disease can lead to separation of the gums from the teeth, followed by loosening and potential loss of teeth.
There are numerous reasons to seek periodontal treatment, as periodontal disease is a leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Unlike gingivitis – which is a precursor to periodontal disease but has no noticeable symptoms – periodontal disease reveals itself as reddened, swollen, painful, and bleeding gums.
If diagnosed with periodontal disease, some of the reasons to seek the assistance of a trained periodontist are as follows:
In cases of mild or moderate periodontal problems, the focus will be on treating the underlying bacterial infection and then providing the patient with advice on home cleaning methods.
In cases where moderate or advanced gum disease has caused the gums to be swollen, red around the teeth, and bleed profusely, treatment may prevent worsening of these conditions and prevent the gums and jawbone from receding.
In some cases, a deep scaling is needed to remove the bacterial plaque and tartar (calculus) from the teeth and surrounding tissues. And in the case of advanced periodontal disease, where the jawbone has receded, an intensive cleaning may be recommended.
To ward off the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease, Dr. Bakhtyari recommends good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits.