Your tooth’s root canal is the space within the root of a tooth under the enamel crown of the tooth and below the gum line. The tooth root is part of the tooth substructure that consists of some dentin, the pulp chamber, the periodontal membrane, nerves, and blood vessels.
In a typical root canal therapy procedure (also known as endodontic therapy), the nerve in the root of the tooth has endured decay or infection and a root canal procedure is required to save the tooth from failure and extraction. During the root canal procedure, the pulp, nerves, and any bacteria or decayed matter is extracted from the root of the tooth and replaced by special dental materials and often finished with a tooth crown to encapsulate the surface of the tooth. The aim of the procedure is to restore the tooth to its full, normal function.
Typically, a root canal requires one or more appointments to the dentist or endodontist (root canal specialist). Some potential reasons for root canal therapy include: tooth decay that has reached and infected the tooth pulp; abscesses or infections that have developed inside the tooth or at the root tip; or injury or other trauma to the tooth.
A root canal is a treatment opportunity that often saves a tooth from eventual removal. A root canal procedure is often preferred over merely extracting a tooth, due to the fact that extracting teeth may cause additional problems for the adjacent teeth. In this, a root canal is beneficial for the health of all the surrounding teeth and tissue. Root canals usually last a lifetime, but in some instances a tooth may have to be re-treated to ward off new infections.
As always, Dr. Bakhtyari will give you special care instructions after each appointment. Regular brushing, flossing and dental visits will add life to your teeth and any dental restorations, as well as aid in the life of your root canal treatment.